Kafta Sheraro’s500,000-hectare area makes it one of the largest conservation areas in Ethiopia. This reserve is particularly important for the conservation of elephants who migrate seasonally between Ethiopia and Eritrea. It is estimated that there are currently around 100-150 elephants in the park. Other than elephants, Kafta supports 42 mammals, 167 birds and 9 reptiles’ species. It is believed that Kafta is also the only site in Ethiopia for wintering Demoiselle Crane and more than 20,000 of these birds have been recorded in the north western part of the park.