Axum or Aksum is a city in northern Ethiopia. The original capital of the kingdom of Axum it is one of the oldest continuously inhabited places in Africa. The town has a population of 56,500 residents (2010), and is governed as an urban woreda.
Axum was a naval and trading power that ruled the region from about 400 BC into the 10th century. The kingdom was also arbitrarily identified as Abyssinia, Ethiopia, and India in medieval writings. In 1980 UNESCO added Aksum's archaeological sites to its list of World Heritage Sites due to their historic value.
Located in the Mehakelegnaw Zone of the Tigray Region near the base of the Adwa mountains, Axum has an elevation of 2,131 meters (6,991 feet). Axum is surrounded by La'ilay Maychew woreda.